LPWAN is low-power wide-area network, better known as LPWA Network is an innovative type of radio technology beneficial for wireless data communication in various IoT applications along with M2M solutions. The technology comprises of key features such as long-range communication, transmission’s small power budget and low bit rate.

How does it work?

This technology has been specifically created for battery operated and wireless devices. The founders of this specification are mobility, localization services and bi-directional communication. In this network, each gateway is connected to network server through standard IP connections.

On the other hand, end-devices make use of single-hop wireless communication directed towards one or even sometimes multiple gateways. All of the end-point communication is usually bi-directional, however supports operation like multicast that enables software upgrades over air along with other various mass distribution messages for reducing the communication time on-air.

Following are some of the characteristics of LPWAN:

  • It ranges from 5 to 30km in various environment conditions
  • High autonomy of extremely smart devices comprising of a lifetime of about 10 years
  • Low latency
  • Reasonable chipsets and radiomodules
  • Transmission of small portion of data that varies between few bit/sec to 100 bit/sec
  • Good penetration when using sub-GHz ISM frequency

LPWAN technology plays an extremely crucial role towards enabling the Internet of Things. The networks strive to have thousands of sensors collecting and sending data at lowered costs, over a longer range along with improved battery life compared to other connectivity options. There are various enterprises in both industrial along with municipal business sectors where LPWAN is ideally suited.

Vibration and temperature monitoring

The vibration and temperature sensor helps in monitoring the health of a machine. It is beneficial in measuring RMS velocity along with temperature for easy detection of problems before becoming extremely severe. Extreme severity has a probability to cause additional damage, sometimes resulting in an unplanned downtime.

These are paired with a banner wireless node that can offer local indication wirelessly and successfully send signal to a centralized location. It also sends the temperature and vibration data to the Gateway for the purpose of collection.

This monitoring helps maintenance staff sufficient time to plan and schedule any required repairs and successfully acquire needed parts. The staff can take sufficient preventive measures by taking faulty equipment offline before occurrence of any hazardous condition. It also helps in incurring less unexpected failures, aiding the prevention of production stoppages. This innovative solution essentially increases maintenance intervals by extending equipment lifespan.

Smart Street Lights

Smart street lights, a revolution in the lighting sector can essentially transform the way in which municipalities manage towns and cities. This integrated solution accounts to nearly 40 percent of total energy costs. Smart Street Light has emerged as an integral part that helps to save energy while inculcating economy along with efficiency.

This helps in optimum utilization of street lighting, helps cities in saving energy, thus making way for lowered costs, and reducedmaintenance. This is all achieved while aiming to serve citizens better and successfully reduces energy use along with carbon dioxide emissions. Smart city lights are beneficial in gaining enhanced capabilities along with functionalities. It helps in monitoring traffic flow, pedestrian crossings, parking, atmospheric changes, and seismic activity and so on.

Additionally, automation along with networked control helps in further increasing energy savings while reducing maintenance spending. This street light solution allows users to remotely control and monitor street lights. Cities converting to smart streetlights can benefit by saving energy and high costs. These help in increasing citizen satisfaction as they help in improving safety while reducing congestion. It reduces energy costs and manages electricity a lot efficiently.

Energy Monitoring System

Energy monitoring is an integrated solution with an aim to provide users with proper information about the consumption patterns. The software gathers the total consumption data while analyzing it to offer useful information to the client’s device. It helps in reflecting the amount of energy used and the way in which it is used at a point of time.

This data is gathered with the help of counters or some sub-counters available on site for each of the commodities consumed. This is performed with an aim to provide a clear picture of energy consumption.

An energy monitoring system successfully flags any potential fault caused in real time while indicating all necessary energy-saving measures that shall solve the problem. It provides Key Performance Indicators(KPIs) including patterns related to specified areas of energy consumption, energy usage intensity along with various other indicators to be in use for the establishment of energy targets.

Temperature & Humidity Management

Across large commercial environments, it is important to control humidity and maintain the temperature at a specific level. This has essentially become vital contributing to the success of an operation. Inappropriate amount of relative humidity gives rise to a wide array of potential problems in diverse commercial and industrial processes.

However, it can be quite challenging to balance both of these factors. With the help of a programmable humidity and temperature controller unit, an efficient fog system can essentially lower down temperature to about 40 degrees Fahrenheit, without compromising the balance. Additionally, tiny moisture droplets successfully absorb any particle or odor found in air, therefore giving the benefit of cleaner air.

It is crucial to know and understand the possible outcomes that can arise when temperatures get increasingly high or when there is a drop in the humidity level. A temperature and humidity management system helps in reducing the risk of a disaster.

Smart Drainage

Drainage system not being computerized has become essentially difficult to figure out the exact location of any blockage caused. Lack of early alerts has made it impossible to detect and repair blockage, making the process a lot time consuming. Detection of a location and prior information of the blockage are the prime changes required.

The drainage system describes the mechanism and system of identifying the blockage, locating it and removing the same with the help of internet of things. The manholes in the drainage system comprises of a module that has microcontroller that is interfaced with level indicator, RFID and gas sensor. The level indicator identifies a blockage present in the manholes and triggers an alarm. Soon, the user is informed about the exact location by highlighting various colors based on the blockage distance.

Smart drainage, an integrated solution allows flow sensors at specific locations that collects information of sewage flow through the node and sends it to the central system. This further generates alerts before complete blockage. There will be ample time available to repair the blockage and prevent drainage line from being completely shut. It also helps in detecting leakages of all kinds and is a beneficial technology for carrying fluid of all kinds.

Indoor/Outdoor air qualityMonitoring

Exposure to indoor as well as outdoor air pollutants has potential adverse effects on the health of individuals. These exposures result in respiratory diseases and other diseases in the body organ systems. In certain cases, exposure to indoor pollution can cause diseases like lung cancer, pneumonia, asthma, hypertension, pulmonary disease, humidifier fever and so on.

On other hand, outdoor air pollution comprises of a mixture of pollutants derived from both manmade and natural sources. At times indoor air pollution can be even higher compared to outdoor concentrations, as a result of lack of ventilation, incorrect functionality in air conditioning, and others. Internet of Things can essentially help in performing a real time monitoring of indoor air quality with the help of software, sensors, connectivity and embedded electronics. This brings in the emergence of air quality monitoring system, a smart sensor platform that performs quality monitoring.

This system supports indoor as well as outdoor monitoring of various air quality parameters in a room, street or a city including temperature, relative humidity, carbon dioxide, atmospheric pressure, airborne particles and others. The sensors perform communication wirelessly with the help of Mobile or Mobile IoT technology using a custom-built cloud platform, analyzing data and presenting it to the users.